The title of this post is lifted directly from Mexfiles, which has a post on the reform that you should all go read. It goes into some depth about the possible effect of allowing limited re-election and the federalization of election regulation.
It is also an awesome title. When Porfirio Díaz first assumed the presidency, in 1876, his slogan was “Sufragio efectivo, no reelección.” (“Effective suffrage, no re-election.”) Díaz duly stepped down in 1880. He then ran again and won in 1884. And 1888. And 1892. And 1896, 1900, 1904, and 1910.
The joke was that Díaz had simply misplaced a comma the first time around. Instead of ¡Sufragio efectivo, no reelección!, he had meant to write, Sufragio efectivo no, ¡reelección!
(A useful chronology of the Porfiriato can be found here.)
Anyway, at Mexfiles they are pointing out that the new reform is pretty limited. State elections (which are relatively clean now) will become slightly cleaner. (One of the bigger changes is that INE will be now be able to overturn elections in which the parties exceed their spending limits.) Meanwhile, deputies and senators will become very slightly freer from party control. (Very slightly.) Good mayors will be able to win re-election, but not enough to let them create political machines. In all, a sort of halfway house.
I agree with Federico. The reform seems important only because the PAN made it the price of energy reform. What I do not understand is why the PAN cares. After all, it is a little weird to say, “Give us something unimportant [political reform] in exchange for something that we really really care about [energy reform]!”
The whole thing strikes me as political kabuki, a way for the PAN to pretend that it isn’t just automatically approving whatever President Peña sets out.